The reason Chatham became a Naval Dockyard

At the time ships were still built from wood and many suffered from attacks of a species of clam called Teredo Navalis.  Chatham and the River Medway at this time were discovered to be free of them and so it was safe to both build and store ships in the location without risk of damage.

In the 18th century the Royal Navy resorted to covering the bottom of its ships with Copper plate to protect them , leading to the term “copper bottomed ” guarantee

more about Teredo Navalis HERE

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